Tuesday, June 16, 2015

A Streetcar Named Desire



1951 American Feature

Cast: Vivien Leigh, Marlon Brando, Kim Hunter, Karl Malden, Rudy Bond, Nick Dennis, Peg Hillias, Wright King and Richard Garrick
Director: Elia Kazan
Writer: Tennessee Williams (screenplay) and Oscar Saul (adaptation, uncredited), based on the play by Tennessee Williams

Synopsis:
After losing the family plantation, aging Southern belle Blanche DuBois travels to New Orleans seeking solace in her sister Stella but is tormented by her brutish brother-in-law Stanley Kowalski, all while her reality crumbles around her.

Links:

Ratings:
  • Internet Movie Database: 8.1/10
  • Rotten Tomatoes - Critics: 98% / Audience: 90%
  • OMG rating: 9/10

Buy/Rent:
  • DVD/Blu-ray: Available
  • Soundtrack: Available
  • Books: Available



Trailer:


Awards:
  • Academy Awards for Best Actress (Leigh), Supporting Actor (Malden), Supporting Actress (Hunter) and Black and White Art Direction; also nominated for Best Picture, Director, Actor (Brando), Screenplay, Black and White Cinematography, Black and White Costume Design, Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture and Sound Recording.
  • BAFTA Award for Best British Actress (Leigh); also nominated for Best Film from Any Source.
  • Directors Guild of America Award nomination for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures.
  • Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress (Hunter); also nominated for Best Motion Picture - Drama and Actress - Drama (Leigh).
  • New York Film Critics Circle Awards for Best Film, Director and Actress (Leigh).
  • Writers Guild of America Award nomination for Best Written American Drama.

Notes/Trivia:
  • Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire premiered on Broadway in 1947 and won the Pulitzer Prize for Drama. Director Elia Kazan and most of the original Broadway cast (minus the original Blanche, Jessica Tandy) returned for the film.
  • The first London production opened in 1949 starring Vivien Leigh and directed by her husband Laurence Olivier.
  • The play has been revived on Broadway eight times: 1950 starring Uta Hagen and Anthony Quinn and also directed by Elia Kazan; 1956 starring Tallulah Bankhead; 1973 starring Rosemary Harris and James Farentino; 1973 starring Lois Nettleton; 1988 starring Blythe Danner, Aidan Quinn and Frances McDormand; 1992 starring Alec Baldwin, Jessica Lange and Amy Madigan; 2005 starring Natasha Richardson, John C. Reilly and Amy Ryan; and 2012 starring Blair Underwood and Daphne Rubin-Vega.
  • Potential Director: William Wyler.
  • Casting Call: Anne Baxter, Bette Davis, Olivia de Havilland, Joan Fontaine, John Garfield, Robert Mitchum, Patricia Neal and Jessica Tandy.
  • The Production Code censors demanded 68 script changes from the Broadway staging, while the interference of the Catholic Legion of Decency led to even further cuts, most of them having to do with the play's references to homosexuality and rape. In his memoirs, Tennessee Williams wrote that he liked the film but felt it was "slightly marred by the Hollywood ending". The uncensored "director's cut" was not seen until Warner Bros. restored the film in 1993.
  • The first of only two films to win three acting Oscars, followed by Network in 1976.
  • There has been three ballet productions of  A Streetcar Named Desire (1952, 1983 and 2012) and one opera adaptation (in 1995). A taped version of the latter was broadcast on PBS in 1998.
  • A Streetcar Named Desire has had two major television adaptations: 1984 starring Ann-Margret, Treat Williams, Beverly D'Angelo and Randy Quaid; and 1995 starring Jessica Lange, Alec Baldwin, Diane Lane and John Goodman. Both Ann-Margret and Lange won Golden Globes for their performances as Blanche DuBois.
  • Oh, Streetcar!, a musical version of A Streetcar Named Desire, was featured in a 1992 episode of The Simpsons titled "A Streetcar Named Marge".
  • In 1998, A Streetcar Named Desire was ranked #45 on the American Film Institute's "100 Years, 100 Movies" list.
  • In 1999, A Streetcar Named Desire was inducted into the National Film Registry.
  • In 2002, A Streetcar Named Desire was ranked #67 on the American Film Institute's "100 Years, 100 Passions" list.
  • In 2005, "Stella!" was ranked #45 and "I've always depended on the kindness of strangers" was ranked #75 on the American Film Institute's "100 Years, 100 Movie Quotes" list.
  • In 2005, Alex North's influential jazz score for A Streetcar Named Desire was ranked #19 on the American Film Institute's "AFI's 25 Greatest Film Scores" list.
  • The British gay theater company Bloolips and the American lesbian theater company Split Britches collaborated in 2007 on Belle Reprieve, a gender-bent adaption of A Streetcar Named Desire featuring a Blanche played as “a man in a dress” and a “butch lesbian” Stanley.
  • In 2007, A Streetcar Named Desire was ranked #47 on the American Film Institute's "100 Years, 100 Movies: 10th Anniversary Edition" list.

Related Movies:
  • Featured in the documentary Brando.
  • A Spanish-language version of the play A Streetcar Named Desire is featured in All About My Mother. However, some of the dialogue is taken from the 1951 film, not the original stage version.

Related OMG Posts:

OMG Movie #608

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